PARIS, July 17, 2014 (AFP) – Following is a factfile on AIDS ahead of the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne, Australia on July 20-25.
– Since 1981, around 78 million people have been infected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS. Thirty-nine million have died from AIDS-related illnesses.
– In 2013, around 35 million people, in an estimated range of 33.2-37.2 million, were living with the virus, nearly 71 percent of them in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2001, the total was just under 30 million.
– The toll of infected people is rising mainly because antiretroviral drugs are enabling millions to survive.[pq]Around 2.1 million people contracted the AIDS virus in 2013, a fall of 38 percent from 2001, while 240,000 children became newly infected, 58 percent down from 2001.[/pq]
– In 2013, 1.5 million people died from AIDS-related disease, a fall of more than a third since 2005, the pandemic’s peak year. In the past three years, mortality from AIDS has fallen by nearly a fifth.
– TB remains the leading single cause of mortality, accounting for around 320,000 of AIDS-related deaths in 2012. Even so, the tally has fallen by more than a third since 2004.
– Since 1995, antiretroviral therapy has averted 7.6 million deaths, 4.8 million in sub-Sahara.
– 12.9 million people in low- and middle-income countries, the bulk of those infected, had access to HIV drugs last year, compared to only 1.3 million in 2005.
– The UN has set a goal of reaching 15 million people by 2015. But at least 28 million are eligible for the drugs under World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines issued last year.
– Money spent fighting AIDS in poor and middle-income countries last year was $19.1 billion (14.01 billion euros), an increase of around $200 million over 2012. Of this, $9.65 billion came from domestic sources. The UN says the needs for 2015 will be between $22-24 billion.
Source: UNAIDS ‘Gap Report’, July 16, 2014
– AFP News