ILOILO CITY, March 21 (PIA) — With the onset of the summer season, the Department of Health (DOH) advised the public to observe precautionary measures against heat stroke.
The DOH defines “heat stroke” as the most severe form of heat injury and happens when the body fails to cool down.
It happens when the body temperature is between 104 and 105 degrees Fahrenheit which starts to manifest once the body fails to recover from heat exhaustion.
Under this condition, heat stroke victims are not able to sweat and release excessive heat due to dehydration and humid temperature.
In an advisory, the agency reminded the public to keep themselves hydrated with enough water to prevent heat stroke commonly felt during summertime wherein hotter temperatures are felt.
Causes of heat stroke include: hot and humid weather, vigorous exercise in hot weather, dehydration, and too much direct exposure to the sun. The most vulnerable are the infants, the elderly, athletes, and individuals who work outside.
Some signs of heat exhaustion include dizziness or fainting; anxiety; headache; intense thirst, dehydration; and weakness or discomfort.
Other signs and symptoms (usually preceded by heat exhaustion) include delirium; unconsciousness or comatose; very high core body temperature of 400 Centigrade or more; hot, dry skin; rapid heartbeat; and convulsion.
The DOH said that affected persons must be moved to a shady spot or indoors and have them lie down with their legs elevated. If they’re conscious, have them sip cool water.
Likewise, remove clothing, apply cool water to the skin and fan them; and apply ice packs to the armpits, wrists, ankles and groin.
DOH reminds the public that heat stroke is a medical emergency and the patient must receive medical attention immediately. (JCM/LTP/PIA-Iloilo)