If sunshine is the best disinfectant, then summer should spell a disease-free season fun and leisure, right? Wrong. The rising temperature could be just what it takes for seasonal illnesses/injuries rear their ugly heads.
In fact, the Department of Health has warned the public against six common summer diseases or 6S.
Health Sec. Enrique T. Ona said that public should be aware of the six common summer disease to fully enjoy summer days with activities, scheduled travel or summer escapades.
Ona said the 6S are sore eyes, sun burn, cough and colds, vomiting and diarrhea, skin disease, and dog bites.
With this warning, the DOH released the tips how to address the 6S.
[pq]Sore eyes or conjunctivitis, when mistreated, can lead to blindness.[/pq]
More than just eye irritation, it can easily be due to harmful bacteria, or viruses that easily spread to other people. Hand washing can limit its spread. Health experts advise not to use eye drops without consulting doctor.
Sunburn can be prevented if you time your outdoor activities. Outdoor activities must be done in the early morning or late afternoon. Avoid the sun between 10 am to 2 pm. Hide in the shade or seek cool places to prevent ill-effects of too much sun exposure.
Use sunscreen appropriately like choosing a product that retard against both UVA and UVB rays, with at least an SPF30, applying them in 30 minutes before actual sun exposure and not sparingly at best, and also reapplying if exposure will be extended and not sparing the ears and nape areas nor the feet.
Drinking 8-12 glasses of water a day to avoid heat stroke. Remember not to stay under the sun too long. Holy week penitents can also benefit from these tips.
Colds and cough easily spread even during the summer months as erratic weather bring sudden downpour from time to time. Senior citizens are advised to get vaccinated against influenza before the flu season begins in June.
The DoH is also monitoring suspect cases infected with the new corona virus, the World Health Organization already reported 16 cases with nine deaths.
The new corona virus infection is characterized by respiratory symptoms with progressive respiratory difficulty. Remember to wash your hands frequently and to cover your mouth and nose when you sneeze or cough. Better still, stay at home when you are sick. Our airports will continue to screen travelers as a routine precaution to prevent the spread of the diseases that may spread internationally.
Vomiting and diarrhea follow consumption of contaminated food or drinks. This summer, be cautious of street foods and even with those prepared for out-of-town trips. Remember that food spoils easily during hot summer months. Always have oral rehydration salt solution at hand just in case you get bad diarrhea.[pq]Skin infection is another common summer diseases in areas where water becomes scarce so that daily bathing is compromised. Inmates in crowded prison can easily spread infection from boils.[/pq]
Skin diseases abound when one swims in dirty water or unmaintained public swimming pools. Remember to take a bath before and after plunging into the pool and please do not urinate in the pool. However, the real danger in swimming is drowning. Children should not be left alone in the pool or beach.
Dog bites can lead to rabies if wound are not washed and cared for. Make sure dogs are vaccinated against rabies. If you sustain dog bites, visit the animal bite center to get rabies vaccination.